“The Hubble observations are definitely telling us that the peak of quasar activity in the early universe is driven by galaxies colliding and then merging together,”. This image from Hubble's Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2 (WFPC2) is likely the best of ancient and brilliant quasar 3C , which resides. The jet was produced by a quasar named GB +, or GB for short, and is located billion light years from Earth. Labels for the. NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration. If a black hole runs out of food, the jets run out of power and shut down. The StarChild site is a service of the High Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center HEASARC , Dr. For this reason, the study of quasars can provide astronomers with information about the early stages of the universe. In fact, quasars are the intensely powerful centers of distant, active galaxies, powered by a huge disc of particles surrounding a supermassive black hole. In 10 billion years or so, when the Milky way collides with Andromeda, our supermassive black hole may roar to life as a quasar, consuming all this new material. Water vapor is an important trace gas that reveals the nature of the quasar. The water, equivalent to trillion times all the water in the world's ocean, surrounds a huge, feeding black hole, called a quasar, more than 12 billion light-years away. If it was located 30 light-years from our own planet — roughly seven times the distance between Earth and Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to us after the sun — it would still appear as bright as the sun in the sky. Text Size Grow Text Size Shrink Text Size. Then in the s, astronomers started to agree on the active galaxy theory as the source of quasars. Seems to me, they might be galactic recycling stations. And that some mechanism was causing galaxies to blast out jets of radiation from their cores.